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How to Prepare for your Social Security Disability hearing

How to Prepare for Your Social Security Disability Hearing

Preparing for your Social Security Disability hearing should not be as stressful as everyone thinks. In fact, I can tell you one thing right now so you can breathe easy:

You already know all the answers your judge is going to ask you!

It’s true.

Nothing he’s going to ask you will be rocket science. I promise you.

Having said that, you still want to prepare for the hearing and I’m going to tell you exactly how I tell my clients to prepare.

Let’s do this!

Your Appearance at Your Social Security Disability Hearing is Important


When claimants are concerned about preparing for their hearing, the last thing on their minds is: “What should I wear?”

But I tell you, how you present yourself when you are in front of your judge is very important for the outcome of your case. Even if the judge doesn’t look at you when you first walk in the door. And even if you have one of those video hearings where the judge is not even in the room with you.

Why is appearance important?

Because while your disability is not a “show”, you still have to look the part. You don’t want to look like you’re acting but you need to show how difficult things are.

So here is my list of things you should consider when thinking about your appearance for your hearing:

  • Wear clothes that match your disability.

If you have difficulties with your hands, don’t wear a button down shirt. If you can’t raise your arm above the shoulder, don’t wear a t-shirt.

  • Avoid t-shirts or shirts with messages, even if positive.

You never know when “unicorns” or “the peace sign” can irritate the judge.

  • Your shoes should also match your disability.

If you can’t bend, don’t wear shoes that require you to bend, even if your spouse can help you put your shoes on or tie your shoe laces.

  • Flip flops are ok. So are slip-on shoes.
  • For the women, don’t wear makeup! This is not the day to “look pretty”.

I once had a client who showed up with full makeup and a high ponytail when this person had a severe arm disability. I had her remove her make up right away but the pony ended up staying.

Guess what the judge asked her when we got to the part about daily activities? “How did you do your hair today?”

Her answer was: “My mother helped me“.


While it’s ok to get help and this help should not affect your ability to get benefits, until you explain all that, the judge already made assumptions and will already be suspicious of you after that.

Why risk it?

  • For the men, leave the suits for “the suits”.

You don’t need to look like a professional even if you were one in the past.

  • Leave the jewelry at home. This goes for men and women.

Yes, your wedding ring is ok. A very small necklace is fine too. But no “statement necklaces” or oversized rings from your “biker club”

  • Cover your tattoos!

If they cover your arms, wear a long sleeve shirt, if possible. The main reason is you may get a conservative judge who will see “tattooed people” as “misfits”.

I know we are in 2017 and this is a ridiculous assumption, but if your judge is over 65 and “an old grump”, the last thing you want is his judgment being “blurred” by a tattoo.

Remember my tip about not wearing a t-shirt with messages? Tattoos are messages too. Cover up!


In regards to appearance for your hearing, the best tip I can give you is this: 


dressing for a Social Security disability hearing


Another important item we need to talk about is assistive devices (wheelchair, glasses, canes, walkers, etc)

Remember when you were completing your disability forms and one of the questions asked if you required assistive devices?

This is the time where your answers to those questions will have to be consistent with what the judge will see at the hearing.

If you require assistive devices, be sure to take them to your hearing. If you use a cane, a walker, a brace etc, be sure to have them with you, and also be sure that you have a prescription for them.

Have that prescription ready to go for the judge (or submit it before the hearing with your medical records).

If you don’t have a prescription but your doctor knows about it, be sure to get that record to the judge showing your doctor’s knowledge about that assistive device.

The reason is simple: a lot of “fakers” think that by bringing a cane and limping in front of the judge, they will get disability. If you don’t have a prescription, that becomes an issue because the judge may think you are “exaggerating” your impairments by using an assistive device.

A prescription or proof that your doctor knows about that device shows that you are a “credible witness”


When you require multiple devices like a wheelchair or a cane/walker to ambulate, pick one only. Don’t bring all of them to the hearing.

If the judge asks you about why you chose “this or that” assistive device that day, have you answer ready.

Explain that sometimes your choice has to do with a “good day/bad day“. Other times, you chose to use a simpler device because you have someone with you who can help you if needed.


Either way, you should know the answer to that question before you go to your hearing.


Disability Social Security disability Hearing Prep Tip assistive devices


Show up Earlier for Your Hearing


I’m not talking about 2 hours earlier. If you plan to show up earlier, and you should, 45 minutes before the scheduled time is usually enough.

Here’s why:

  • You want to get yourself situated with the location of your hearing.

Most hearing offices are very busy and it’s not uncommon to spend at least 10 minutes or more looking for a parking space.

  • If your hearing is out of town and in an unfamiliar area, arriving earlier will allow you to deal with flat tires, bad GPS coordinates, and traffic.

Arriving earlier will also allow you to find the building, the room, go through security and sign in for your hearing.

  • If you have an attorney, it is always a good thing to have extra time to go over last minute questions and other last minute advice.

Psychologically Preparing for the Hearing


  • Number one, no one will bite you. So please, relax and breathe!
  • Don’t expect a hearing out of the movies. “I object!”.

It’s actually pretty boring. 

Not that your impairment is boring, but the whole hearing set up is boring. Imagine your dining room and your dining room table. Imagine that at the head of that dining table is the judge.

Of course, they put the judge a little higher on a big desk/workstation. Right next to the judge is the court clerk who will be recording the hearing.

On one side of the dining table, you will see two microphones and two chairs. One for you and one for your attorney or representative (if you have one).

On the other side of the dining table is the Vocational Expert with his own microphone.

The Vocational Expert is brought into your hearing to analyze, based on your testimony and your medical records, if you are capable of doing any other jobs based on your limitations.

Occasionally, you will not see one because the judge prefers to do that analysis himself.

In some rare cases, a judge will call a “medical examiner, or M.E.” during the hearing to issue an opinion in cases where the medical records are a bit more complicated for the judge to assess.

The “M.E”  will either appear by phone or by video.

I have never seen one appear in person. I imagine because they are usually busy doctors and driving to a hearing for one case will take too much time and cost the taxpayer too much money.

Finally, no one else other than the people above will be at your hearing. While you can call witnesses to testify on your behalf, they will still wait outside until they are called.

knowing this should help you visualize yourself in the hearing and it will take the fear of the unknown from the equation.


Social Security hearings are not the typical court “cattle call” where everyone watches all the cases on the docket until it’s their turn


Your privacy is taken seriously.

Not only because your medical records are confidential and will not be shared with the public. But there is also the issue of sensitive or embarrassing things that need to be talked about at the hearing such as bathroom needs, incontinence (fecal and urinary), traumas lived by the claimant in PTSD cases, like abuse or a horrific accident.

The list goes on.

Just know that you will be in a closed environment that is there to hear you. This is, after all, YOUR day in court!


Final Thoughts and Suggestions for your Hearing Preparation


  • If you bring a driver (friend or family), suggest they bring a book because some hearings can take up to one hour or more.

Family or friends are usually not allowed in the room with you (some exceptions for example in child or mental cases when the person is unable to comprehend the proceedings).

  • It’s ok to cry! In fact, they have a box of tissues waiting for you there. People cry in these proceedings for many reasons, including nervousness, sadness because of severe pain or the inability to live a normal life.

Judges are used to seeing people cry, including men crying!!!

Just keep a few things in mind when you do cry: While it is hard to control our emotions, make sure that you don’t make a scene. Outbursts in court are not a good idea unless you are prone to have them because of your medical condition (eg, Tourette’s).

I know it sounds crazy to say this but if do you cry at your hearing, try to stop as soon as you can.

Some judges don’t know what to do when people cry. Most of the time they freeze and stare at their computers hoping “this is over soon“. I’m not saying they are not sympathetic. They are just being human.

  • Watch for the judge’s attention to your narrative if you are the type that likes to go “off-tangent” when answering a question.

Don’t ramble!

I usually tell my clients: “keep your answers short and sweet! Don’t make your judge roll his eyes”.


At your disability hearing -keep your answers Short and Sweet-


If the judge asks you about your daily activities, focus on that!

The judge is not interested in the neighbor’s dog, or how the government sucks, or how the prices of rice have gone up.

  • Don’t try to tell your entire story when the judge asks you open-ended questions like “what do you do all day?”

Focus on the theme of the question. If the judge asks about your daily activities, don’t start describing your illness from the time you stopped working and go over every MRI you have.

Concentrate on things like “the time you get up, when you take your meds, when you need a nap, what you can actually do at home (dishes, laundry)“.

Be sure to include time and limitations for…



For example, “I can only wash dishes for 10 minutes and then I need to lay down for one hour to rest”. Or “I can only focus on a task for 10 minutes before I lose track of what I’m doing”.

Things like that.

  • Never, EVER insult the judge or mumble something “snarky” if the judge says something you don’t like.

Judges will rarely say you have been denied at the hearing but they will call your attention if they see something in the records that needs to be addressed like a DUI conviction or drug use.

  • Judges may ask tough questions like “how long were you incarcerated” or “I see here that you abuse drugs but you are claiming a disability for Panic Attacks and Hallucinations”. Or “ I see that you have Pancreatitis and yet you are still having two glasses of wine every day”.

Try not to get defensive and argumentative in this situation. In fact, if you have any of these issues, think about ways to make improvements such as going to rehab for drugs or alcohol addiction.

Show the judge that you “overcame” those issues.

People love an “underdog” story.

In the next post, I will show you how to prepare for your hearing questions, and how to create a roadmap to make sure you don’t forget anything you want to say at the hearing.

Don’t forget to follow me on Pinterest and Facebook and sign up below to receive email updates with my latest posts, news and other disability tips.

As a thank you, you will receive a Nifty disability checklist where you can write down all your medical information to keep track of your case.


Until next time,

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  1. Deb Utant says:

    This is a very nice post and also helpful for us, some days ago my wife read an article to choose security disability hearing, but she was confused about which one is perfect? Can suggest me which one is better for her???

  2. Vivian Black says:

    Tatiana, I love how you talked about focusing on the theme of the question and making sure that you are detailed about everything you do. My mother needs to get a social security disability hearing so that she can get the money she is able to get to help her live comfortably. We will keep these tips in mind as we search for a professional who can help her out.

  3. Sam Li says:

    I love what you said about focusing on the theme of questions in a disability hearing. I believe that contacting an attorney is a smart move. If I were to need such services, I would search for the best law firm in town.

    • Tatiana says:

      Attorneys can always make a difference in a claim. Of course, there are bad ones and good ones but a good search online can help find the right one.

  4. Larry Weaver says:

    Thanks for explaining how your privacy is taken seriously in a social security disability hearing. My parents will likely need such hearing, and they are very sensitive about their privacy. I will be sure to help them find an attorney that can aid them with their case.

  5. Millie Hue says:

    Thanks for pointing out that gathering the records is important to ensure that you will be able to file the claim smoothly. I will share this tip with my best friend to help her out. This is because their brother who has a disability has been assaulted in the pub that they went to last night.

  6. Kit Hannigan says:

    I really like your tip about going over your last questions with your social security attorney before the case. That way, you can get a quick refresher and feel more confident about yourself in answering tough questions. I would think that these claims take a great emotional toll on people so having all the preparation you can get can be a key to success.

  7. I am glad you suggested to dress nicely for a disability hearing. I am looking into hiring a lawyer for my case. Thanks for the tips on social security disability hearings.

    • Tatiana says:

      My suggestion is to avoid dressing too nicely. While it is not a show, a disability hearing is the opportunity for the judge to “read” you and see how you handle yourself with your impairment. While I have seen claimants dressing very nicely be sure to strike a balance between too dressed up and being too poorly dressed. Especially covering tattoos (I know, at this day and age having to cover yourself) until the next generation of judges are well established we are still dealing with old timers and a lot of old age biases. If no tattoos no problem but watch the messages in tshirts etc. Hoping for a great result.

  8. Millie Hue says:

    Thanks for pointing out that it is fine to cry. I also appreciate when you mentioned that they would even provide tissues for you. I will share this information with a friend of mine because she really feels anxious about the case of her son. It appears that her son has a special condition and was assaulted at the bar when they went out to celebrate her husband’s birthday.

  9. Mark Murphy says:

    I really like your tip of trying to pay close attention to your narrative if you are known to go “off-tangent” in conversation. My father is concerned that he won’t be able to get his disability insurance when he approaches his retirement age, and in his old age, he is known to ramble. I will be sure to tell my father that he shouldn’t ramble when he is in the courtroom!

    • Tatiana says:

      Having an attorney next to him will help too. you can practice a signal or something that he will know to stop going off tangent. I do that with all my clients even if they are well focused. Works like a charm.

  10. Robert Chase says:

    Thank you very much for the tips on planning for your social security disability hearing. I accept that you should be prepared to hire an attorney-at-law to help you with your case. I would think that having a lawyer can get you better outcomes since they know the law better.

    • Tatiana says:

      It certainly helps having someone qualified at your side to improve your chances at the hearing. Especially when it is time to cross-examine the vocational expert or make sure that the judge is covering everything he needs to cover at the hearing. Thank you for your readership.

  11. Hector Uba says:

    Thanks for the tips on preparing for your social security disability hearing. I agree that having a good appearance is really important because you can really tell a lot about someone by the way they dress. I would imagine that having an attorney on your side is really helpful as well in the process.

    • Tatiana says:

      Glad you enjoyed the article. The goal was to give a good overview of what to expect and how to best present yourself at the hearing. Certainly, an attorney can better prepare you for it. Thank you again.

  12. This is some really good information about social security disability lawyers. I liked that you pointed out that it would be smart to learn how to read medical records if you need to go to court over security hearings. That seems like it might be something you would need help with and a lawyer who specializes in this.

    • Tatiana says:

      Hi Penelope. It is rare for an attorney to take the time to teach their clients how to read their records. I try to teach my clients to read them so they can see why a record they provide is good or not and to give them a chance to fix their records with their doctors before it’s too late. That’s why I created a course that teaches people how to read their records so others can get the same benefit my clients get. It is difficult to find the time to help everyone but this way I can get to more people and they can improve their chances if they know what’s going on with their medical treatment. Thank you for your readership!

  13. Jay says:

    I never realized how you dressed could affect so much! I will have to ask an attorney how I should dress for my hearing. Do you have some pictures of examples of how I should dress?

    • Tatiana says:

      I never thought about posting pictures of clothes to wear. I may even update the post to clarify. Thank you for that idea. I would have to research some more about that. In the meantime, you don’t have to dress fancy or anything. A simple shirt or tshirt (if your impairment permits you to raise your arms. Avoid messages in the tshirt. Cover tattoos too, if you can. Slip on shoes that are easy to put on. Same for pants. Don’t wear anything that would be difficult to dress with your conditions. If your impairments are mental, you still want to dress down a bit because most claimants with mental impairments can’t focus on things like that.

  14. Millie Hue says:

    I found it interesting when you said that it is also important to consider the appearance of the person attending the hearing since you don’t want to look like you are just acting like you are disabled just to get your claims. My cousin will be looking for an attorney to help him out so that he can get his claims. A stranger in a pub went to him and violated him last night, so he plans to take it to the court to teach him a lesson. I will share this tips with him, so he’ll be ready when the hearing takes place. Thanks!

    • Tatiana says:

      I’m sorry about what happened to your cousin. I hope he finds the help he needs. Thank you for your kind words.

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